Igiena nazala raceala la copil

Nasal hygiene

Our nose accumulates mucus, dust, bacteria, viruses, and fungi. So our nose is an ideal environment for germs and sickness. It’s important to have a good nasal hygiene daily.

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The nose is a passageway that leads from the nostrils to the back of the throat, and is like a large cave with tunnels.

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The purpose of the nose is to clean, warm and moisten the air we inhale in order to keep the lungs healthy.

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Daily the nose produces a lot of this mucus to clean the nose, most of which we simply swallow as it drains out the back of the nose.

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There are many medical conditions which lead to excessive mucus production, most commonly:

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Conditii medicale cu rinoree si congestie nazala

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Nasal irrigation

Nasal irrigation is a personal hygiene practice in which the nasal and sinus cavities are washed using an isotonic saline solution.

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Although easy to use, the rinsing process may seem unusual at first and may take a little time getting used to.

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How does it help?

Most problems that occur within the sinonasal cavities begin with inflammation caused by the presence of an infection, allergen or irritant. Saline nasal irrigations help to relieve inflammation and congestion by flushing away problem allergens, irritants and infectious materials and excess mucus from those cavities.

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What do you need?

  • suction bulb or “bulb syringe” like you use to suction a baby’s nose, or

Pompa nazala

  • neti pot, or

Neti pot

  • plastic squeeze bottle, and

Irigator nazal

  • sterile normal saline (isotonic, 0,9%) solution

Ser fiziologic 0.9

  • isotonic nasal spray

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Procedure

  • Fill the container with sterile normal saline solution. For children under 2 years old, use an isotonic nasal spray.
  • Lean the child’s head over (look at the floor if possible)

Nasal irrigation with bottle

  • Insert the spout of the saline-filled container into your upper nostril.
  • Give one good squeeze of the container so that the liquid drains through the other nostril.
  • Repeat the above procedure for the other nostril.
  • For babies under 6 months old, use an isotonic nasal spray, then a suction bulb to clean the nose.
  • For children older than 3 years old, it is best for the child to do nasal irrigation by himself.

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A nice video for demonstration:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2F8U4l_AXC0

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How often?

For preschoolers – do it once or twice daily for a good nasal hygiene.

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For babies – only when required (cannot feed or sleep due to nasal obstruction with excess of mucus).

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During acute illness – up to six times a day and three times a day for prevention over the remainder of follow-up.

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After-use care for your device

  • Wash the device with soap and warm water, and dry the inside with a paper towel or let it air dry between uses.
  • Check that the device is clean and completely dry.
  • It is best to periodically change the irrigation container (check for manufacturer’s note for proper handling)
  • Wash your hands properly before preparing for and after doing the nasal hygiene

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Nasal irrigation using a saline solution is generally well tolerated, inexpensive, easy to perform, and associated with no adverse side effects. Nasal irrigation kits are easily available from the pharmacy.

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Perhaps the biggest barrier to routine recommendation of nasal saline irrigation in children is the assumption by both parents and physicians that children will not tolerate it.

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With practice, you and your little one will be able to do nasal rinses without drama. A daily habit which can improve the general health of your child.

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Important: The information and advice you find here does not substitute a medical consultation. It is just for educational purpose. You assume full responsibility for the way you choose to use this information. Thank you.